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Docker

Recommended Installation

Setting up this application using Docker is recommended. This does not mean that other options are bad, just that support is much easier for this setup.

It is possible to install this application using many different Docker configurations.

Please read the instructions on each example carefully and decide if this is the way for you.

Docker

The docker image (vabene1111/recipes) simply exposes the application on the container's port 8080.

It can be run and accessed on port 80 using:

docker run -d \
    -v "$(pwd)"/staticfiles:/opt/recipes/staticfiles \
    -v "$(pwd)"/mediafiles:/opt/recipes/mediafiles \
    -p 80:8080 \
    -e SECRET_KEY=YOUR_SECRET_KEY \
    -e DB_ENGINE=django.db.backends.postgresql \
    -e POSTGRES_HOST=db_recipes \
    -e POSTGRES_PORT=5432 \
    -e POSTGRES_USER=djangodb \
    -e POSTGRES_PASSWORD=YOUR_POSTGRES_SECRET_KEY \
    -e POSTGRES_DB=djangodb \
    --name recipes_1 \
    vabene1111/recipes

Please make sure, if you run your image this way, to consult the .env.template file in the GitHub repository to verify if additional environment variables are required for your setup.

Also, don't forget to replace the placeholders for SECRET_KEY and POSTGRES_PASSWORD!

Versions

There are different versions (tags) released on Docker Hub.

  • latest Default image. The one you should use if you don't know that you need anything else.
  • beta Partially stable version that gets updated every now and then. Expect to have some problems.
  • develop If you want the most bleeding edge version with potentially many breaking changes feel free to use this version (not recommended!).
  • X.Y.Z each released version has its own image. If you need to revert to an old version or want to make sure you stay on one specific use these tags.

No Downgrading

There is currently no way to migrate back to an older version as there is no mechanism to downgrade the database. You could probably do it but I cannot help you with that. Choose wisely if you want to use the unstable images. That said beta should usually be working if you like frequent updates and new stuff.

Docker Compose

The main, and also recommended, installation option for this application is Docker Compose.

  1. Choose your docker-compose.yml from the examples below.
  2. Download the .env configuration file with wget
    wget https://raw.githubusercontent.com/vabene1111/recipes/develop/.env.template -O .env
    
  3. Edit it accordingly (you NEED to set SECRET_KEY and POSTGRES_PASSWORD).
  4. Start your container using docker-compose up -d.

Plain

This configuration exposes the application through a containerized nginx web server on port 80 of your machine. Be aware that having some other web server or container running on your host machine on port 80 will block this from working.

wget https://raw.githubusercontent.com/vabene1111/recipes/develop/docs/install/docker/plain/docker-compose.yml
version: "3"
services:
  db_recipes:
    restart: always
    image: postgres:11-alpine
    volumes:
      - ./postgresql:/var/lib/postgresql/data
    env_file:
      - ./.env

  web_recipes:
    restart: always
    image: vabene1111/recipes
    env_file:
      - ./.env
    ports:
      - 80:8080
    volumes:
      - staticfiles:/opt/recipes/staticfiles
      - nginx_config:/opt/recipes/nginx/conf.d
      - ./mediafiles:/opt/recipes/mediafiles
    depends_on:
      - db_recipes

  nginx_recipes:
    image: nginx:mainline-alpine
    restart: always
    ports:
    env_file:
      - ./.env
    depends_on:
      - web_recipes
    volumes:
      - nginx_config:/etc/nginx/conf.d:ro
      - staticfiles:/static:ro
      - ./mediafiles:/media:ro

volumes:
  nginx_config:
  staticfiles:

Note

Don't forget to download and configure your .env file!

Reverse Proxy

Most deployments will likely use a reverse proxy.

If your reverse proxy is not listed below, please refer to chapter Others.

Traefik

If you use Traefik, this configuration is the one for you.

Info

Traefik can be a little confusing to setup. Please refer to their excellent documentation. If that does not help, this little example might be for you.

wget https://raw.githubusercontent.com/vabene1111/recipes/develop/docs/install/docker/traefik-nginx/docker-compose.yml
version: "3"
services:
  db_recipes:
    restart: always
    image: postgres:11-alpine
    volumes:
      - ./postgresql:/var/lib/postgresql/data
    env_file:
      - ./.env
    networks:
      - default

  web_recipes:
    restart: always
    image: vabene1111/recipes
    env_file:
      - ./.env
    volumes:
      - staticfiles:/opt/recipes/staticfiles
      - nginx_config:/opt/recipes/nginx/conf.d
      - ./mediafiles:/opt/recipes/mediafiles
    depends_on:
      - db_recipes
    networks:
      - default

  nginx_recipes:
    image: nginx:mainline-alpine
    restart: always
    env_file:
      - ./.env
    volumes:
      - nginx_config:/etc/nginx/conf.d:ro
      - staticfiles:/static:ro
      - ./mediafiles:/media:ro
    labels: # traefik example labels
      - "traefik.enable=true"
      - "traefik.http.routers.recipes.rule=Host(`recipes.mydomain.com`, `recipes.myotherdomain.com`)"
      - "traefik.http.routers.recipes.entrypoints=web_secure" # your https endpoint
      - "traefik.http.routers.recipes.tls.certresolver=le_resolver" # your cert resolver
    depends_on:
      - web_recipes
    networks:
      - default
      - traefik

networks:
  default:
  traefik: # This is your external traefik network
    external: true

volumes:
  nginx_config:
  staticfiles:

Note

Don't forget to download and configure your .env file!

jwilder's Nginx-proxy

This is a docker compose example using jwilder's nginx reverse proxy in combination with jrcs's letsencrypt companion.

Please refer to the appropriate documentation on how to setup the reverse proxy and networks.

Adjust client_max_body_size

By using jwilder's Nginx-proxy, uploads will be restricted to 1 MB file size. This can be resolved by adjusting the client_max_body_size variable in the jwilder nginx configuration.

Remember to add the appropriate environment variables to the .env file:

VIRTUAL_HOST=
LETSENCRYPT_HOST=
LETSENCRYPT_EMAIL=
wget https://raw.githubusercontent.com/vabene1111/recipes/develop/docs/install/docker/nginx-proxy/docker-compose.yml
version: "3"
services:
  db_recipes:
    restart: always
    image: postgres:11-alpine
    volumes:
      - ./postgresql:/var/lib/postgresql/data
    env_file:
      - ./.env
    networks:
      - default

  web_recipes:
    restart: always
    image: vabene1111/recipes
    env_file:
      - ./.env
    volumes:
      - staticfiles:/opt/recipes/staticfiles
      - nginx_config:/opt/recipes/nginx/conf.d
      - ./mediafiles:/opt/recipes/mediafiles
    depends_on:
      - db_recipes
    networks:
      - default

  nginx_recipes:
    image: nginx:mainline-alpine
    restart: always
    env_file:
      - ./.env
    depends_on:
      - web_recipes
    volumes:
      - nginx_config:/etc/nginx/conf.d:ro
      - staticfiles:/static:ro
      - ./mediafiles:/media:ro
    networks:
      - default
      - nginx-proxy

networks:
  default:
  nginx-proxy:
    external:
      name: nginx-proxy

volumes:
  nginx_config:
  staticfiles:

Note

Don't forget to download and configure your .env file!

Nginx Swag by LinuxServer

This container is an all in one solution created by LinuxServer.io.

It contains templates for popular apps, including Tandoor Recipes, so you don't have to manually configure nginx and discard the template provided in Tandoor repo. Tandoor config is called recipes.subdomain.conf.sample which you can adapt for your instance.

If you're running Swag on the default port, you'll just need to change the container name to yours.

If your running Swag on a custom port, some headers must be changed:

  • Create a copy of proxy.conf
  • Replace proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-Host $host; and proxy_set_header Host $host; to
    • proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-Host $http_host; and proxy_set_header Host $http_host;
  • Update recipes.subdomain.conf to use the new file
  • Restart the linuxserver/swag container and Recipes will work correctly

More information here.

In both cases, also make sure to mount /media/ in your swag container to point to your Tandoor Recipes Media directory.

Please refer to the appropriate documentation for the container setup.

For step-by-step instructions to set this up from scratch, see this example.

Pure Nginx

If you have Nginx installed locally on your host system without using any third party integration like Swag or similar, this is for you.

You can use the Docker-Compose file from Plain.

Adjust Docker-Compose file

Replace 80:80 with PORT:80 with PORT being your desired outward-facing port. In the nginx config example below, 8080 is used.

An example configuration with LetsEncrypt to get you started can be seen below. Please note, that since every setup is different, you might need to adjust some things.

Placeholders

Don't forget to replace the domain and port.

server {
    if ($host = recipes.mydomain.tld) { # replace domain
        return 301 https://$host$request_uri;
    }

    server_name recipes.mydomain.tld; # replace domain
    listen 80;
    return 404;
}
server {
    server_name recipes.mydomain.tld; # replace domain
    listen 443 ssl;

    ssl_certificate /etc/letsencrypt/live/recipes.mydomain.tld/fullchain.pem; # replace domain
    ssl_certificate_key /etc/letsencrypt/live/recipes.mydomain.tld/privkey.pem; # replace domain
    include /etc/letsencrypt/options-ssl-nginx.conf;
    ssl_dhparam /etc/letsencrypt/ssl-dhparams.pem;

        location / {
            proxy_set_header Host $http_host; # try $host instead if this doesn't work
            proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-Proto $scheme;
            proxy_pass http://127.0.0.1:8080; # replace port
            proxy_redirect http://127.0.0.1:8080 https://recipes.domain.tld; # replace port and domain
        }
}

Note

Don't forget to download and configure your .env file!

Apache

You can use the Docker-Compose file from Plain.

Adjust Docker-Compose file

Replace 80:80 with PORT:80 with PORT being your desired outward-facing port. In the Apache config example below, 8080 is used.

If you use e.g. LetsEncrypt for SSL encryption, you can use the example configuration from solaris7590 below.

Placeholders

Don't forget to replace the domain and port.

<IfModule mod_ssl.c>
    <VirtualHost *:80>
        ServerAdmin webmaster@mydomain.de # replace domain
        ServerName mydomain.de # replace domain

        Redirect permanent / https://mydomain.de/ # replace domain
    </VirtualHost>

    <VirtualHost *:443>
        ServerAdmin webmaster@mydomain.de # replace domain
        ServerName mydomain.de # replace domain

        SSLEngine on

        RequestHeader set X-Forwarded-Proto "https"
        Header always set Access-Control-Allow-Origin "*"

        ProxyPreserveHost  On
        ProxyRequests Off
        ProxyPass / http://localhost:8080/ # replace port
        ProxyPassReverse / http://localhost:8080/ # replace port

        SSLCertificateFile /etc/letsencrypt/live/mydomain.de/fullchain.pem # replace domain/path
        SSLCertificateKeyFile /etc/letsencrypt/live/mydomain.de/privkey.pem # replace domain/path
        Include /etc/letsencrypt/options-ssl-apache.conf

        ErrorLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/recipes_error.log
        CustomLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/recipes_access.log combined
    </VirtualHost>
</IfModule>

If you're having issues with the example configuration above, you can try beedaddy's example config.

Note

Don't forget to download and configure your .env file!

Others

If you use none of the above mentioned reverse proxies or want to use an existing one on your host machine (like a local nginx or Caddy), simply use the Plain setup above and change the outbound port to one of your liking.

An example port config (inside the respective docker-compose.yml) would be: 8123:80 instead of the 80:80 or if you want to be sure, that Tandoor is just accessible via your proxy and don't wanna bother with your firewall, then 127.0.0.1:8123:80 is a viable option too.

Note

Don't forget to download and configure your .env file!

Additional Information

Nginx vs Gunicorn

All examples use an additional nginx container to serve mediafiles and act as the forward facing webserver. This is technically not required but very much recommended.

I do not 100% understand the deep technical details but the developers of gunicorn, the WSGi server that handles the Python execution, explicitly state that it is not recommended to deploy without nginx. You will also likely not see any decrease in performance or a lot of space used as nginx is a very light container.

Info

Even if you run behind a reverse proxy as described above, using an additional nginx container is the recommended option.

If you run a small private deployment and don't care about performance, security and whatever else feel free to run without a nginx container.

Warning

When running without nginx make sure to enable GUNICORN_MEDIA in the .env. Without it, media files will be uploaded but not shown on the page.

For additional information please refer to the 0.9.0 Release and Issue 201 where these topics have been discussed. See also refer to the official gunicorn docs.

Nginx Config

In order to give the user (you) the greatest amount of freedom when choosing how to deploy this application the webserver is not directly bundled with the Docker image.

This has the downside that it is difficult to supply the configuration to the webserver (e.g. nginx). Up until version 0.13.0, this had to be done manually by downloading the nginx config file and placing it in a directory that was then mounted into the nginx container.

From version 0.13.0, the config file is supplied using the application image (vabene1111/recipes). It is then mounted to the host system and from there into the nginx container.

This is not really a clean solution, but I could not find any better alternative that provided the same amount of usability. If you know of any better way, feel free to open an issue.

Volumes vs Bind Mounts

Since I personally prefer to have my data where my docker-compose.yml resides, bind mounts are used in the example configuration files for all user generated data (e.g. Postgresql and media files).

Warning

Please note that there is a difference in functionality between the two and you cannot always simply interchange them.

You can move everything to volumes if you prefer it this way, but you cannot convert the nginx config file to a bind mount. If you do so you will have to manually create the nginx config file and restart the container once after creating it.

Required Headers

Please be sure to supply all required headers in your nginx/Apache/Caddy/... configuration!

nginx:

location / {
    proxy_set_header Host $http_host; # try $host instead if this doesn't work
    proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-Proto $scheme;
    proxy_pass http://127.0.0.1:8080; # replace port
    proxy_redirect http://127.0.0.1:8080 https://recipes.domain.tld; # replace port and domain
}

Apache:

RequestHeader set X-Forwarded-Proto "https"
Header always set Access-Control-Allow-Origin "*"

ProxyPreserveHost  On
ProxyRequests Off
ProxyPass / http://localhost:8080/ # replace port
ProxyPassReverse / http://localhost:8080/ # replace port

Setup issues on Raspberry Pi

Info

Always wait at least 2-3 minutes after the very first start, since migrations will take some time!

Warning

If you want to use Tandoor on a Raspberry Pi running a 32-bit operating system you will need to use the following docker image tags: latest-raspi, beta-raspi and the versioned <x.y.z>-raspi We strongly recommend using the new 64-bit Raspian image as the 32-bit version is not tested.

If you're having issues with installing Tandoor on your Raspberry Pi or similar device, follow these instructions:

  • Stop all Tandoor containers (docker-compose down)
  • Delete local database folder (usually 'postgresql' in the same folder as your 'docker-compose.yml' file)
  • Start Tandoor containers again (docker-compose up -d)
  • Wait for at least 2-3 minutes and then check if everything is working now (migrations can take quite some time!)
  • If not, check logs of the web_recipes container with docker logs <container_name> and make sure that all migrations are indeed already done

Sub Path nginx config

If hosting under a sub-path you might want to change the default nginx config (which gets mounted through the named volume from the application container into the nginx container) with the following config.

location /my_app { # change to subfolder name
    include /config/nginx/proxy.conf; 
    proxy_pass https://mywebapp.com/; # change to your host name:port
    proxy_set_header Host $host;
    proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
    proxy_set_header X-Script-Name /my_app; # change to subfolder name
    proxy_cookie_path / /my_app; # change to subfolder name
}

location /media/ {
    include /config/nginx/proxy.conf;
    alias /mediafiles/;
    client_max_body_size 16M;

}

location /static/ {
    include /config/nginx/proxy.conf;
    alias /staticfiles/;
    client_max_body_size 16M;

}